Policy Framework

Our strategic framework is based on 5 main pillars, the 5C's that outline the elements most necessary for a holistic approach to skill development. The pillars: The diamond industry also uses 5Cs criteria to assess the quality of its stones; in a similar way this framework helps us ensure the quality of our strategy. Create is about increasing the number of individuals with long-term training across existing and planned institutions. Correctis about upskilling those with some existing work experience – primarily within the informal segment to enable them to access growth opportunities. Certify is about aligning existing norms and frameworks across the skills landscape Connect involves both developing an understanding of the demand and supply dynamics of skills requirements as well as practically matching trained individuals to jobs anywhere in the country/world. Catalyse is about entrepreneurship - how we engage, develop and support entrepreneurs to create jobs and economic opportunities.

Connect Supply with Demand

Connect Skill development goes hand in hand with the market demand. In order to make its efforts effective, MoSDE will focus on developing an understanding of the demand and supply dynamics of skills requirements as well as practically matching trained individuals to jobs anywhere in the country/world. A policy research institute is envisaged to strengthen the information base on which the skill development policies for the future will be designed. It is also understood that globalization is changing the dynamics of employment rapidly. Keeping the global changes in mind MoSDE will forge international partnerships to be prepared to serve the demands of global Indian workforce.

Correct & align supply for demand by up skilling/ reskilling

With the NSDC as our lead implementation agency, MoSDE has a specific focus on scaling up short-term skill development programs. These are courses of shorter duration targeted at individuals with lower education qualifications, those in the informal segment and the unemployed.
MoSDE’sefforts will be conducted on 3 levels, at the central and state levels and through private initiatives.
Central: Initiatives here focus on creating the appropriate ecosystem for encouraging skilling efforts.
State: At this level MoSDE aims to assist states in setting up and driving their skill missions through incentives and other softer enablers that increase the efficacy of their efforts.
Private: Scale up private provision in a focused manner that is aligned with demand of the industry.

MoSDE also believes that its efforts should be aligned to the country’s flagship programmes such as Swachh Bharat, Make in India, Digital India and our Solar Mission. It also believes that existing infrastructure such as railway stations and post offices that provide unused space with digital connectivity could be utilized to increase the scale and reach of its initiatives.

Create pipeline of skilled people

Creation of a pipeline of skilled workforce is an essential input to India’s plans of development.  MoSDE’sfocus isto drive the quantity and quality of skills training across existing educational institutions, ITIs and through a new set of dedicated institutions representing best-in-class vocational education. It will be made sure that these institutes are better aligned with the standards and requirements of industry and business.  MoSDEwill also aim to address the issue of low appeal amongst youth for skills t raining through these institutions.


It is to be understood that any economy has limited potential to absorb its workforce in organized sector jobs.  MoSDE recognizes that its mandate should not only focus to cater to the existing potential of India’s economy but also to increase the potential itself. This can be achieved by consistent efforts to drive entrepreneurship. Focus is needed to increase the confidence of individuals to pursue their ideas, support them as they turn these into reality and then provide them with the tools and knowledge they need to scale these up into viable businesses. This would be done by linking entrepreneurship education to universities and schools, establishing incubation and support centers dedicated for entrepreneurship and providing access to credit to the entrepreneurs.


Alongside our efforts to increase the proportion of skilled workers in our workforce, quality and relevance of our training should be ensured. This is required on 3 levels; through the alignment of formal qualifications with the National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF) , Quality Assessment and Certification and  the establishment of an RPL framework suitable for upskilling individuals.
In tandem, MoSDE will define excellence through partnership with corporates in business and industry to create centres of excellence in sectors and job groups and restructuring institutional arrangements. These initiatives will be enabled by improved Sector Skills Councils (ensuring relevance of our efforts), increase in the quantity and quality of vocational instructors, by crating proper career and training opportunities and training institutions and capitalizing on our pool of expertise amongst retirees in the armed forces, paramilitary and the private and public sectors as many other countries have done.